Metalworking, woodworking and cutting of different materials like plastic are often done through no other means than band saw cutting. This is due to the fact that band saws are versatile and can be put to use to accomplish different tasks.
To carry out metal cutting, the blade of the band saw used is either a carbon steel or a bimetal. Carbon steel tool blade, the cheaper option can equally be used on mild steel to cut it, when set to the appropriate speed. As for the more expensive bimetal blades, this can be used to cut hard materials, for example stainless steel. However, making use of a bimetal band saw may be the cheaper option in the long run, if used appropriately as it often outlasts a carbon steel blade of a band saw.
To cut wood, you can make use of carbon steel tool blades on your horizontal band saw or other band saws, which it can be used for (please confirm from sales guide or manual before using it this way). Some manuals that come with band saws designed for cutting wood inform users that they can equally cut metals too. This is often true, but such are soft metals like aluminum, copper, et al.
Attempting to cut denser metals like stainless steel with this type of band saw will often lead to you destroying the band saw blade due to generated heat. This is due to the design of wood cutting band saws, which are built to run faster and this is not required for working on hard metals, e.g. stainless steel.
A tooth pattern on band saws is another way these powerful tools are put to different uses for wood cutting or metal cutting. Without these differences in pattern the versatility of band saw cutting will be some what limited in its usage compared to what it can currently achieve.
Tooth patterns have general rules. The rule for wood cutting band saws is the fewer the teeth per inch, the faster, but rougher the cut; with the direct opposite tooth pattern producing the opposite effect. While on the other hand, the rule for metal cutting band saws is the more the teeth per inch, the thinner the material worked on, with harder materials requiring fewer teeth.
Horizontal band saw and the vertical counterpart are the two commonly used types of machines for band saw cutting. Band saws for cutting wood also make use of these models.
The horizontal band saw machine is usually designed to take blades with one width, but the vertical band saw takes blades with different width sizes. Band saw cutting has evolved, with innovations made here and there with more expected in subsequent years to come.
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